We will connect a 10 Ohm load resistor to the original circuit and to the Norton and Thevenin equivalent circuits. Then for each circuit, we will calculate the voltage across the load and the current through it, to show that the original circuits and both of the equivalent circuits predict the same values.
Thevenin equivalent circuit.
Norton equivalent circuit.
As you can see, both the Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits, predict the same values of IL and VL as the original circuit. It is also clear that there are fewer calculations required for the equivalent circuits than for the original circuit, even though the original circuit is not itself very complicated.